• English

Università di Pisa (UNIPI) Italy

UNIPI's structure participating in OSCAR is the Interdepartmental Centre for Agrienvironmental research “Enrico Avanzi” (CIRAA), which is the largest agricultural experimental centre in Italy and one of the largest in Europe. CIRAA mainly conducts on-farm research at field scale. Plot-scale experiments are usually included in the layout of larger scale (field) experiments. The main research topics of CIRAA include: low-external input cropping systems, soil tillage, cover crops, crop protection, organic farming, agricultural mechanisation, animal husbandry, food quality, biomass and bioenergy, economic and environmental impact. In the early 1980s, CIRAA initiated a series of long-term experiments carried out at field scale on several cropping systems and agricultural management practices. These include the MASCOT experiment, the major trial comparing organic and conventional systems of the whole Mediterranean area.

Role in OSCAR: In cooperation with SSSA, UNIPI will contribute with results and assessments on long-term experiments (WP2), technology (WP4) and the Toolbox , and will assist in the identification and determination of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi species (WP5).


Key staff involved in OSCAR

Prof. Marco Mazzoncini is Full Professor in Agronomy and Field Crops and Director of CIRAA. His work, documented by ca. 220 scientific papers, deals with soil fertility in relation to tillage techniques, arable and vegetable crop rotations and cover crops; cropping systems; crop water requirements and fertilisation. His approach to cropping system studies, besides the agronomic point of view, takes into consideration environmental issues, energy consumption and balance of the processes involved in food and non-food product chains.

Prof. Manuela Giovannetti is Full Professor in Agricultural Microbiology at the University of Pisa and Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture. Member of the Editorial Board of Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Plant Signaling and Behavior, Mycorrhiza and Biology Forum. Scientific Advisor for Scottish Agricultural College (SAC), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), University of Minnesota, USA. She has published 220 scientific papers and 11 chapters in international books.

Prof. Andrea Peruzzi is Full Professor in Agricultural Mechanisation at the University of Pisa, where he leads a team with internationally recognised expertise in nonchemical (mechanical and thermal) weed management in low-input and organic arable and vegetable farming systems, and in reduced tillage systems. He has developed and patented new machines for soil and weed management and has extensive collaboration with national companies producing agricultural machines.